The theory of the sign picture of the world
One of the promising directions in AI is the approach to constructing a general model of the human picture of the world and an algorithmic description on its basis of key cognitive functions of planning behavior, goal-setting, and some types of reasoning.
The approach is based on the cultural-historical approach of Vygotsky and Leontiev's theory of activity. The main active element of the picture of the world suggests using the concept of a sign. The sign, as is customary in the activity approach, has four components: image (sensory tissue), meaning, personal meaning and name. The worldview model is based on the interaction of four types of semantic networks, in which the vertices are the components of signs. Cognitive processes in the model are realized due to the spread of activity, the mechanisms of which are different for each type of semantic network on the components of the sign.
Выступление на конференции AIJourney-2019
А.И. Панов на тему "Cognitive Dynamics Systems and Articial General Intelligence" (1:31-1:58)
An elementary stage in the work of each cognitive function is to stop the propagation of activity and link the active nodes of each of the networks into a sign, which, depending on the task, is a target sign, a situation sign or a role sign. Thus, in the model of a sign picture of the world, the cognitive process is a sequence of activation (or formation) of signs.
A significant difference between the proposed mechanism for the propagation of activity from those existing in works on artificial intelligence is the interaction of four types of networks, in contrast to the "single-network" models of neural networks, semantic networks and Petri nets.
As part of this area, we develop not only theoretical methods and new algorithms, but also use them in practice to solve applied problems: visual question answering, planning the behavior of mobile robots and unmanned vehicles, etc.